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Up All Night? TMJ May be to Blame

If you’re not getting a good night’s sleep and can’t figure out why, temporomandibular joint disorder, more commonly known as TMJ, may be to blame. TMJ is a serious condition that is characterized by pain in the jaw joint and the muscles controlling jaw movement that can impact jaw mobility, and unbeknownst to many Americans, it could be the source of their sleep loss.  

 

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Saying a Mouthful: How Our Ancestors Teeth Tell An Evolutionary Story

Anthropologists have learned a great deal about human evolution from fossilized remains, and one of the most information-rich sources are human teeth. Our teeth, as well as our ancestor's teeth, tell a very specific evolutionary story, and it's a story anthropologists have been "reading" for many years. Because teeth are typically the most preserved skeletal remains found in fossils, they are a natural fit for researchers to examine.In her new book, "What Teeth Reveal about Human Evolution," Ohio State University anthropology professor Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg discusses how and why modern human teeth are vastly different from our ancestors. The thread that weaves its way through the entirety of her book is that "we have teeth that were adapted for eating a very different diet than the one we eat today"  and how, as a result, that reality can cause a number of health issues and concerns.

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Not a Wink of Sleep: How Sleep Deprivation Impacts Memories

In a recent study conducted by scientists at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, the study involving mice showed how sleep deprivation and other factors that disrupt the sleep cycle could inhibit the brain’s ability to form new memories. With somewhere between 50 and 70 million Americans suffering from a sleep disorder, sleep deprivation could be significantly more prevalent among this population. The Johns Hopkins study states that the "key purpose of sleep is to recalibrate the brain cells responsible for learning and memory so the animals can "solidify" lessons learned and use them when they awaken,"  and anything that impacts the sleep cycle could change the trajectory of human memory.

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Losing Sleep and Dollars: How Undiagnosed Sleep Apnea is Costing America Billions

More than 13 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea, and with many of those people not being treated or even diagnosed, it comes as no surprise that this treatable disorder is doing more than keeping Americans up at night; it’s costing them some serious dollars. In August 2016, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) released the results of an analysis that effectively breaks down how untreated and undiagnosed sleep apnea is costing America more than $150 billion every year. What’s perhaps more problematic is these staggering costs aren’t necessary and can be significantly reduced (if not eliminated) by properly diagnosing and treating sleep apnea.




Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing stops or is interrupted during sleep. The AASM analysis explains that the $150 billion sleep apnea is costing the American economy is broken up into three cost area: $86.9 billion in lost productivity, $26.2 billion in motor vehicle accidents and $6.5 billion in workplace accidents. Because sleep apnea increases the risk of additional health complications such as heart disease, hyper tension, depression and diabetes, the analysis goes on to cite how "undiagnosed sleep apnea also costs $30 billion annually in increased health care utilization and medication costs related to these comorbid health risks." [1]

The condition can be difficult to diagnose, as many people are unaware of the symptoms. Having the right information is the first step. While the symptoms are often attributed to "just having a bad night’s sleep" or general exhaustion, "common warning signs for sleep apnea include snoring and gasping or choking during sleep, along with daytime sleepiness or fatigue. [But] the major predisposing factor for sleep apnea is excess body weight." 1

Because sleep apnea can lead to any number of health issues, such as the ones listed above, leaving the condition untreated can have serious consequences. Dr. David Buck, a Washington-based neuromuscular dentist, treats many patients in his practice who suffer from sleep apnea. He understands how if left untreated, this disorder can become life-threatening.

"Cardiovascular disease is a number one killer," Buck said. "Stroke, heart attacks, and cardiovascular disease have a very distinct, primary causative risk from untreated sleep apnea. It often goes untreated for many years which does damage."

Though these serious health conditions generally develop over time, patients living with undiagnosed and untreated sleep apnea still experience other issues. People are often unaware that sleep apnea affects more than just sleep quality.

"While that person is untreated, their quality of life is affected," Buck said. "They don’t feel good, they don’t function very well, they can gain and have less cognitive function."

Depending on the severity of a person’s sleep apnea, there are currently a number of treatment options. For people whose sleep apnea is a result of excessive weight, in some cases, weight loss can improve or eliminate sleep apnea symptoms. For others, the Mayo Clinic cites continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), oral appliances other airway pressure devices and surgery as treatments for sleep apnea. Surgery options include jaw repositioning, tissue removal, and/or implants, all of which are invasive. But Buck is ambitious and believes we can move beyond merely treating the condition.

"Wouldn’t it be great if we could cure it?" Buck said. "I think we can. If we do the correct orthopedic development strategies and mild functional therapies combined, there’s a very good chance we could cure it, such that we don’t have adults needing to be treated for sleep apnea."

With so many people living with undiagnosed and untreated sleep apnea, timely and appropriate treatment is necessary in order to save the financial hit to American’s wallets.

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Sinking into Depression? Why Social Media Use May be to Blame

The wide accessibility of social media platforms on electronic devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and computers has given rise to a number of health conditions, including depression. In fact, the excessive use of social media among young adults could lead to an increased risk for depression as well as other health issues. According to a national survey conducted by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health (CRMTH), "people who report using seven to 11 social media platforms had more than three times the risk of depression and anxiety than their peers who use zero to two platforms."[1] While the ability to stay plugged in in this fast-paced society has become the norm, it is fraught with peril.

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